• National Center for Biotechnology Information (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov)—maintains bioinformatic tools and databases
  • National Center for Genome Resources (www.ncgr.org/)—links scientists to bioinformatics solutions by collaborations, data, and software development
  • Genbank (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Genbank)—stores and archives DNA sequences from both large scale genome projects and individual laboratories
  • Unigene (www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/UniGene)—gene sequence collection containing data on map location of genes in chromosomes
  • European Bioinformatic Institute (www.ebi.ac.uk)—centre for research and services in bioinformatics; manages databases of biological data
  • Ensembl (www.ensembl.org)—automatic annotation database on genomes
  • BioInform (www.bioinform.com)—global bioinformatics news service
  • SWISS-PROT (www.expasy.org/sprot/)—important protein database with sequence data from all organisms, which has a high level of annotation (includes function, structure, and variations) and is minimally redundant (few duplicate copies)
  • International Society for Computational Biology (www.iscb.org/)—aims to advance scientific understanding of living systems through computation; has useful bioinformatic links

Ref: 10.1136/bmj.324.7344.1018

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